Maslow Theorem: The Great Society America 21st Century (work in progress-by Paul D. Goree)
Now that President Obama has cemented another critical piece to the resolvement of the Great Society. We now can look towards the final piece. Abraham Maslow, cites several lower hierarchy social requirements, needed for upward mobility. These needs represent the physiological and sociological requirements of an individual to survive within a societal setting.These needs include water, food, safety, security, and shelter. If these lower hierarchy needs are not consistent/stable, then social upward mobility is not possible. For example, as soon as an individual has food/water, they are in need of shelter/housing. Once shelter/housing is required, they may lose their job, and then shelter/housing becomes an issue again. Thus this becomes a continuous circle,resulting in discouragement; in the Land of Liberty.
The Great Society (L.B. Johnson), suggests that all of the lower level survival needs be state provided (social welfare). With universal health care resolves safety and security, as AFDC/TANF resolves water and food. Now American can look to resolving housing needs. We can look towards HUD for some of these answers. Yet it still seems that states, may be able to resolve housing much better than the centralized bureaucracy that HUD is.
In Rubinger’s article: Why U.S. Desperately needs affordable homes, he states:
“America faces many more unresolved affordable housing challenges. A $26 billion capital-needs backlog that’s associated with our publicly financed affordable housing stock looms.
Traditional federal subsidies that enable affordability — such as Section 8, which authorizes rental housing payment assistance to private landlords on behalf of more than 3 million low-income households — are being cut back. Federal housing subsidy programs such as HOME were slashed this year. These vital programs need to be preserved and expanded.
Other important tools are at the ready, but sadly, they are inactive or underutilized.
Back in 2008, President George W. Bush signed into law the National Housing Trust Fund, requiring at least 90% of its funds be used to build, preserve or rehabilitate rental housing for low-income households. But this program and others like it have yet to receive the funding that was envisioned by the law.
Another valuable initiative is the Rental Assistance Demonstration Program, which enables private developers to work with public housing authorities to preserve affordable housing. But it has only been funded for up to 60,000 housing units…”
According to the Annual Homeless Assessment Report (2013) the following data reflects the homeless population as of January 2013:
- 610,042 people were homeless in the United States.
- Nearly two-thirds of people experiencing homelessness (65 percent or 394,698) were living in emergency shelters or transitional housing programs.
- More than one-third of all homeless people(35 percent or 215,344) were living in un-sheltered locations such as under bridges, in cars, or in abandoned buildings. Age of Homeless Population in 2013. In 2013, HUD required communities to provide estimates of homelessness in three age ranges— under age 18, 18 to 24 years old, and 25 years old and older.
- More than two-thirds of all homeless people (67 percent or 410,352 people) were 25 years or older.
- 10 percent of homeless people were 18 to 24 years old (or 61,541). This percentage remains the same regardless of sheltered status.
- Nearly one-quarter of all homeless people (23 percent or 138,149) were homeless children under the age of 18, and 30 percent of sheltered homeless people were children.
- 80 percent of unsheltered homeless people were over the age of 25. Less than 10 percent of the unsheltered population was under 18.
US Department of Housing and Urban Development. (2013). Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress (AHAR). Retrieved from https://www.hudexchange.info/resources/documents/ahar-2013-part1.pdf
Rubinger, Micheal. (2014). Why U.S. Desperately needs affordable homes. CNN Opinion. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/28/opinion/rubinger-affordable-housing/